Dr Mark Machin
Co-Founder and CEO<br>Opto Investments
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Deputy Chairman, GIC Board
Chairman, GIC Investment Strategies Committee
Tharman Shanmugaratnam is Senior Minister, Singapore. He is also Coordinating Minister for Social Policies, and advises the Prime Minister on economic policies. He is, concurrently, Chairman of the Monetary Authority of Singapore. He is Deputy Chairman of GIC and chairs the Investment Strategies Committee. Tharman was Deputy Prime Minister from 2011 to 2019, and served as Minister for Finance from 2007 to 2015. Tharman also chairs the Group of Thirty, an independent global council of economic and financial leaders. He co-chairs the Global Commission on the Economics of Water, and is on the recently launched UN High-Level Advisory Board on Effective Multilateralism. He co-chaired the G20 High Level Independent Panel on financing pandemic security in 2021, and earlier chaired the G20 Eminent Persons Group on Global Financial Governance in 2017-2018, and the International Monetary and Financial Committee, the key policy forum of the IMF, over 2011-2014.
Tharman studied economics at the London School of Economics and Political Science and Cambridge University. He later obtained a Master in Public Administration at Harvard Kennedy School, where he received the Lucius N Littauer Fellow award.
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