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    Tharman Shanmugaratnam

    Deputy Chairman, GIC, Senior Minister, and Chairman, Monetary Authority of Singapore

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    Tharman Shanmugaratnam is Senior Minister of Singapore. He is also Coordinating Minister for Social Policies, and advises the Prime Minister on economic policies. He is, concurrently, Chairman of the Monetary Authority of Singapore. He is Deputy Chairman of GIC and chairs the Investment Strategies Committee. Tharman was Deputy Prime Minister from 2011 to 2019, and served as Minister for Finance from 2007 to 2015. Tharman chairs the Group of Thirty, an independent global council of economic and financial leaders. He co-chairs the G20 High Level Independent Panel on financing the global commons for pandemic preparedness and response. He is also on the External Advisory Group to the IMF Managing Director and the World Economic Forum’s Board of Trustees, and co-chairs the Global Education Forum. He earlier led the G20 Eminent Persons Group on Global Financial Governance and the International Monetary and Financial Committee, the key policy forum of the IMF.

    Tharman studied economics at the London School of Economics and Political Science and Cambridge University. He later obtained a Master in Public Administration at Harvard’s Kennedy School, where he was given the Lucius N Littauer Fellow award.

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